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Road Traffic Noise and Annoyance: A Quantification of the Effect of Quiet Side Exposure at Dwellings
TNO, Department of Urban Environment and Safety, P.O. Box 49, Delft 2600 AA, The Netherlands
Public Health Services (GGD), Municipality of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 2200, Amsterdam 1000 CE, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2013; in revised form: 7 May 2013 / Accepted: 20 May 2013 / Published: 3 June 2013
Abstract: Previous studies indicate that residents may benefit from a “quiet side” to their dwellings. The influence of the level of road traffic noise exposure at the least exposed side on road traffic noise annoyance was studied in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Road traffic noise exposure was assessed at the most and least exposed façade (Lden,most and Lden,least respectively) of dwellings for subjects in a population based survey (N = 1,967). It was investigated if and to what extent relative quietness at the least exposed façade affected the level of road traffic noise annoyance by comparing two groups: (1) The subgroup with a relatively quiet façade; (2) the subgroup without a relatively quiet façade (large versus small difference in exposure between most and least exposed façade; DIF ≥ 10 dB and DIF < 10 dB respectively). In addition, it was investigated if and to what extent Lden,least affected the level of road traffic noise annoyance. Results indicate a significantly lower road traffic noise annoyance score at a given Lden,most, in the subgroup with DIF ≥ 10 dB versus DIF < 10 dB. Furthermore, results suggest an effect of Lden,least independent of Lden,most. The estimated size of the effect expressed in an equivalent change in Lden,most approximated 5 dB for both the difference between the two subgroups (DIF ≥ 10 dB and DIF < 10 dB), and for a 10 dB change in Lden,least.
Keywords: road traffic noise; environmental noise; transmission modeling; exposure assessment; quiet side; noise annoyance
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de Kluizenaar, Y.; Janssen, S.A.; Vos, H.; Salomons, E.M.; Zhou, H.; van den Berg, F. Road Traffic Noise and Annoyance: A Quantification of the Effect of Quiet Side Exposure at Dwellings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2258-2270.
de Kluizenaar Y, Janssen SA, Vos H, Salomons EM, Zhou H, van den Berg F. Road Traffic Noise and Annoyance: A Quantification of the Effect of Quiet Side Exposure at Dwellings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(6):2258-2270.
de Kluizenaar, Yvonne; Janssen, Sabine A.; Vos, Henk; Salomons, Erik M.; Zhou, Han; van den Berg, Frits. 2013. "Road Traffic Noise and Annoyance: A Quantification of the Effect of Quiet Side Exposure at Dwellings." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 6: 2258-2270.