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Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai 200025, China
WHO Collaborating Centre for Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai 200025, China
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel, Basel 4051, Switzerland
Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi 214064, China
School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Jockey Club Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2013; in revised form: 1 May 2013 / Accepted: 2 May 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
Abstract: Water-related parasitic diseases are directly dependent on water bodies for their spread or as a habitat for indispensable intermediate or final hosts. Along with socioeconomic development and improvement of sanitation, overall prevalence is declining in the China. However, the heterogeneity in economic development and the inequity of access to public services result in considerable burden due to parasitic diseases in certain areas and populations across the country. In this review, we demonstrated three aspects of ten major water-related parasitic diseases, i.e., the biology and pathogenicity, epidemiology and recent advances in research in China. General measures for diseases control and special control strategies are summarized.
Keywords: parasitic disease; water; protozoa; helminths; epidemiology; China
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lv, S.; Tian, L.-G.; Liu, Q.; Qian, M.-B.; Fu, Q.; Steinmann, P.; Chen, J.-X.; Yang, G.-J.; Yang, K.; Zhou, X.-N. Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1977-2016.
Lv S, Tian L-G, Liu Q, Qian M-B, Fu Q, Steinmann P, Chen J-X, Yang G-J, Yang K, Zhou X-N. Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(5):1977-2016.
Lv, Shan; Tian, Li-Guang; Liu, Qin; Qian, Men-Bao; Fu, Qing; Steinmann, Peter; Chen, Jia-Xu; Yang, Guo-Jing; Yang, Kun; Zhou, Xiao-Nong. 2013. "Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 5: 1977-2016.