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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(5), 1977-2016; doi:10.3390/ijerph10051977

Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China

1 National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai 200025, China 2 WHO Collaborating Centre for Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai 200025, China 3 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel, Basel 4051, Switzerland 4 Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi 214064, China 5 School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Jockey Club Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2013 / Revised: 1 May 2013 / Accepted: 2 May 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Determinants of Infectious Disease Transmission)
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Water-related parasitic diseases are directly dependent on water bodies for their spread or as a habitat for indispensable intermediate or final hosts. Along with socioeconomic development and improvement of sanitation, overall prevalence is declining in the China. However, the heterogeneity in economic development and the inequity of access to public services result in considerable burden due to parasitic diseases in certain areas and populations across the country. In this review, we demonstrated three aspects of ten major water-related parasitic diseases, i.e., the biology and pathogenicity, epidemiology and recent advances in research in China. General measures for diseases control and special control strategies are summarized.
Keywords: parasitic disease; water; protozoa; helminths; epidemiology; China parasitic disease; water; protozoa; helminths; epidemiology; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lv, S.; Tian, L.-G.; Liu, Q.; Qian, M.-B.; Fu, Q.; Steinmann, P.; Chen, J.-X.; Yang, G.-J.; Yang, K.; Zhou, X.-N. Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1977-2016.

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