Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(11), 5378-5398; doi:10.3390/ijerph10115378
Review

Is Household Air Pollution a Risk Factor for Eye Disease?

1,* email, 2email, 1email, 3,4,5email, 6email, 7email, 5email and 8email
Received: 19 September 2013; in revised form: 18 October 2013 / Accepted: 19 October 2013 / Published: 25 October 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In developing countries, household air pollution (HAP) resulting from the inefficient burning of coal and biomass (wood, charcoal, animal dung and crop residues) for cooking and heating has been linked to a number of negative health outcomes, mostly notably respiratory diseases and cancers. While ocular irritation has been associated with HAP, there are sparse data on adverse ocular outcomes that may result from acute and chronic exposures. We consider that there is suggestive evidence, and biological plausibility, to hypothesize that HAP is associated with some of the major blinding, and painful, eye conditions seen worldwide. Further research on this environmental risk factor for eye diseases is warranted.
Keywords: biomass; blindness; cataract; trachoma; dry eye disease; household air pollution
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MDPI and ACS Style

West, S.K.; Bates, M.N.; Lee, J.S.; Schaumberg, D.A.; Lee, D.J.; Adair-Rohani, H.; Chen, D.F.; Araj, H. Is Household Air Pollution a Risk Factor for Eye Disease? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 5378-5398.

AMA Style

West SK, Bates MN, Lee JS, Schaumberg DA, Lee DJ, Adair-Rohani H, Chen DF, Araj H. Is Household Air Pollution a Risk Factor for Eye Disease? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(11):5378-5398.

Chicago/Turabian Style

West, Sheila K.; Bates, Michael N.; Lee, Jennifer S.; Schaumberg, Debra A.; Lee, David J.; Adair-Rohani, Heather; Chen, Dong F.; Araj, Houmam. 2013. "Is Household Air Pollution a Risk Factor for Eye Disease?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 11: 5378-5398.

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