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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(10), 4628-4644; doi:10.3390/ijerph10104628
Concept Paper

The Effectiveness of Drinking and Driving Policies for Different Alcohol-Related Fatalities: A Quantile Regression Analysis

1
, 2,*  and 3,*
Received: 17 July 2013; in revised form: 5 September 2013 / Accepted: 13 September 2013 / Published: 27 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economics of Prevention of Alcohol and Tobacco Related Harms)
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Abstract: To understand the impact of drinking and driving laws on drinking and driving fatality rates, this study explored the different effects these laws have on areas with varying severity rates for drinking and driving. Unlike previous studies, this study employed quantile regression analysis. Empirical results showed that policies based on local conditions must be used to effectively reduce drinking and driving fatality rates; that is, different measures should be adopted to target the specific conditions in various regions. For areas with low fatality rates (low quantiles), people’s habits and attitudes toward alcohol should be emphasized instead of transportation safety laws because “preemptive regulations” are more effective. For areas with high fatality rates (or high quantiles), “ex-post regulations” are more effective, and impact these areas approximately 0.01% to 0.05% more than they do areas with low fatality rates.
Keywords: quantile regression analysis; alcohol-related traffic fatalities; policies quantile regression analysis; alcohol-related traffic fatalities; policies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ying, Y.-H.; Wu, C.-C.; Chang, K. The Effectiveness of Drinking and Driving Policies for Different Alcohol-Related Fatalities: A Quantile Regression Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 4628-4644.

AMA Style

Ying Y-H, Wu C-C, Chang K. The Effectiveness of Drinking and Driving Policies for Different Alcohol-Related Fatalities: A Quantile Regression Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(10):4628-4644.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ying, Yung-Hsiang; Wu, Chin-Chih; Chang, Koyin. 2013. "The Effectiveness of Drinking and Driving Policies for Different Alcohol-Related Fatalities: A Quantile Regression Analysis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 10: 4628-4644.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert