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Use or Non-Use of Gerontechnology—A Qualitative Study
Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
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Received: 21 August 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 22 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
Abstract: This study employed a qualitative approach to explore the attitudes and experiences of older people towards using gerontechnology, and to determine the underlying reasons that might account for their use and non-use of gerontechnology. Four focus group discussions and 26 individual interviews were undertaken. Qualitative data were analyzed using NVivo software and were categorized using coding and grounded theory techniques. The result indicated that old people in Hong Kong had an overall positive attitude toward technology. Positive attitudes were most frequently related to enhanced convenience and advanced features. Negative attitudes were most frequently associated with health risks and social problems arising from using technology (e.g., social isolation and addiction). Usage of technology is driven by outcome expectations and social influences, and supported by facilitators, whereas non-use of gerontechnology relates to the personal (e.g., health and functional capacities), technological (e.g., cost and complexity), and environmental barriers experienced. Use of gerontechnology is a synthesis of person, technology, and environment. To encourage non-users to adopt technology, there is a need to remove barriers at personal, technological, and environmental levels.
Keywords: attitudes; barriers; facilitators; gerontechnology; individual and group interviews
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Chen, K.; Chan, A.H.-S. Use or Non-Use of Gerontechnology—A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 4645-4666.
Chen K, Chan AH-S. Use or Non-Use of Gerontechnology—A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(10):4645-4666.
Chen, Ke; Chan, Alan H.-S. 2013. "Use or Non-Use of Gerontechnology—A Qualitative Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 10: 4645-4666.