Next Article in Journal
Participatory Research Revealing the Work and Occupational Health Hazards of Cooperative Recyclers in Brazil
Next Article in Special Issue
Anthropometric and Health-Related Behavioral Factors in the Explanation of Social Inequalities in Low Birth Weight in Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Previous Article in Journal
Disparities and Menthol Marketing: Additional Evidence in Support of Point of Sale Policies
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(10), 4584-4606; doi:10.3390/ijerph10104584
Review

Alcohol and Violence in the Emergency Room: A Review and Perspectives from Psychological and Social Sciences

1,†,* , 1,†
, 2,3,4,†
, 5,†
, 6,7,8,†
, 7,8,9,†
, 10,†
 and 11,†
Received: 26 June 2013; in revised form: 16 September 2013 / Accepted: 17 September 2013 / Published: 27 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Abuse: Newer Approaches to an Old Problem)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [218 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Our objective is to present a focused review of the scientific literature on the effect of alcohol consumption on violence related-injuries assessed in the emergency room (ER) and to show how psychological and behavioral sciences could lead to a better understanding of the factors contributing to alcohol-related injuries in the ER. We retrieved published literature through a detailed search in Academic Search Premier, MEDLINE with Full Text PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, PsycINFO, PUBMed and SocINDEX with Full Text for articles related to emergency rooms, medical problems and sociocognitive models addressing alcohol intoxication articles. The first search was conducted in June 2011 and updated until August 2013. Literature shows that compared to uninjured patients; injured ones have a higher probability of: (i) having an elevated blood-alcohol concentration upon arrival at the ER; (ii) reporting having drunk alcohol during the six hours preceding the event; and (iii) suffering from drinking-related consequences that adversely affect their social life. The main neurocognitive and sociocognitive models on alcohol and aggression are also discussed in order to understand the aetiology of violence-related injuries in emergency rooms. Suggestions are made for future research and prevention.
Keywords: alcohol; violence; injury; emergency room; aggression; social cognition alcohol; violence; injury; emergency room; aggression; social cognition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Zerhouni, O.; Bègue, L.; Brousse, G.; Carpentier, F.; Dematteis, M.; Pennel, L.; Swendsen, J.; Cherpitel, C. Alcohol and Violence in the Emergency Room: A Review and Perspectives from Psychological and Social Sciences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 4584-4606.

AMA Style

Zerhouni O, Bègue L, Brousse G, Carpentier F, Dematteis M, Pennel L, Swendsen J, Cherpitel C. Alcohol and Violence in the Emergency Room: A Review and Perspectives from Psychological and Social Sciences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(10):4584-4606.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zerhouni, Oulmann; Bègue, Laurent; Brousse, Georges; Carpentier, Françoise; Dematteis, Maurice; Pennel, Lucie; Swendsen, Joel; Cherpitel, Cheryl. 2013. "Alcohol and Violence in the Emergency Room: A Review and Perspectives from Psychological and Social Sciences." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 10: 4584-4606.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert