Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(1), 361-374; doi:10.3390/ijerph10010361
Article

Application of Solid Phase Extraction on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes of Some Heavy Metal Ions to Analysis of Skin Whitening Cosmetics Using ICP-AES

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Received: 13 August 2012; in revised form: 19 December 2012 / Accepted: 20 December 2012 / Published: 14 January 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A novel and highly sensitive method for the determination of some heavy metals in skin whitening cosmetics creams using multiwalled carbon nanotubes MWCNTs as solid phase extraction sorbent for the preconcentration of these heavy metals prior to their determination by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry is described. Different practical parameters have been thoroughly investigated and the optimum experimental conditions were employed. The developed method was then applied for the determination of arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, mercury, lead and titanium in samples of skin whitening cosmetics. The detection limits under these conditions for As, Bi, Cd, Pb, Hg and Ti were 2.4, 4.08, 0.3, 2.1, 1.8, and 1.8 ng·mL−1, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) were found to be less than 2.0%. For validation, a certified reference material of NIST SRM 1570a spinach leaves was analyzed and the determined values were in good agreement with the certified values. The recoveries for spiked samples were found to be in the range of 89.6–104.4%.
Keywords: cosmetics; heavy metals; ICP-AES; preconcentration; solid phase extraction; MWCNT
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MDPI and ACS Style

ALqadami, A.A.; Abdalla, M.A.; ALOthman, Z.A.; Omer, K. Application of Solid Phase Extraction on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes of Some Heavy Metal Ions to Analysis of Skin Whitening Cosmetics Using ICP-AES. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 361-374.

AMA Style

ALqadami AA, Abdalla MA, ALOthman ZA, Omer K. Application of Solid Phase Extraction on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes of Some Heavy Metal Ions to Analysis of Skin Whitening Cosmetics Using ICP-AES. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(1):361-374.

Chicago/Turabian Style

ALqadami, Ayoub A.; Abdalla, Mohammad A.; ALOthman, Zeid A.; Omer, Kamal. 2013. "Application of Solid Phase Extraction on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes of Some Heavy Metal Ions to Analysis of Skin Whitening Cosmetics Using ICP-AES." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 1: 361-374.


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