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Bioprocessing Data for the Production of Marine Enzymes
Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(6), 1920-1934; doi:10.3390/md8061920
Review

Research and Application of Marine Microbial Enzymes: Status and Prospects

1,2
 and
1,3,*
1 Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, 608-737, Korea 2 Key laboratory of Molecular Enzymology and Enzyme Engineering of Ministry Education, Jilin University, Changchun, 130023, China 3 Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, 608-737, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2010 / Revised: 15 June 2010 / Accepted: 22 June 2010 / Published: 23 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
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Abstract

Over billions of years, the ocean has been regarded as the origin of life on Earth. The ocean includes the largest range of habitats, hosting the most life-forms. Competition amongst microorganisms for space and nutrients in the marine environment is a powerful selective force, which has led to evolution. The evolution prompted the marine microorganisms to generate multifarious enzyme systems to adapt to the complicated marine environments. Therefore, marine microbial enzymes can offer novel biocatalysts with extraordinary properties. This review deals with the research and development work investigating the occurrence and bioprocessing of marine microbial enzymes.
Keywords: marine microbial enzymes; protease; lipase; polysaccharide-degrading enzyme; extremozymes marine microbial enzymes; protease; lipase; polysaccharide-degrading enzyme; extremozymes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zhang, C.; Kim, S.-K. Research and Application of Marine Microbial Enzymes: Status and Prospects. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 1920-1934.

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