Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(11), 2781-2794; doi:10.3390/md8112781
Review

Marine Bacterial Sialyltransferases

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Received: 20 September 2010; in revised form: 25 October 2010 / Accepted: 2 November 2010 / Published: 5 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
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Abstract: Sialyltransferases transfer N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) from the common donor substrate of these enzymes, cytidine 5’-monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-Neu5Ac), to acceptor substrates. The enzymatic reaction products including sialyl‑glycoproteins, sialyl-glycolipids and sialyl-oligosaccharides are important molecules in various biological and physiological processes, such as cell-cell recognition, cancer metastasis, and virus infection. Thus, sialyltransferases are thought to be important enzymes in the field of glycobiology. To date, many sialyltransferases and the genes encoding them have been obtained from various sources including mammalian, bacterial and viral sources. During the course of our research, we have detected over 20 bacteria that produce sialyltransferases. Many of the bacteria we isolated from marine environments are classified in the genus Photobacterium or the closely related genus Vibrio. The paper reviews the sialyltransferases obtained mainly from marine bacteria.
Keywords: marine bacteria; Photobacterium; sialyltransferase; sialic acid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamamoto, T. Marine Bacterial Sialyltransferases. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 2781-2794.

AMA Style

Yamamoto T. Marine Bacterial Sialyltransferases. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(11):2781-2794.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamamoto, Takeshi. 2010. "Marine Bacterial Sialyltransferases." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 11: 2781-2794.


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