Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(3), 381-398; doi:10.3390/md8030381
Review

Behavioral and Chemical Ecology of Marine Organisms with Respect to Tetrodotoxin

Department of Biology, MSC 3AF, New Mexico State University, PO Box 30001, Las Cruces, New Mexico, 88003-8001, USA
Received: 4 February 2010; in revised form: 24 February 2010 / Accepted: 25 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tetrodotoxin)
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Abstract: The behavioral and chemical ecology of marine organisms that possess tetrodotoxin (TTX) has not been comprehensively reviewed in one work to date. The evidence for TTX as an antipredator defense, as venom, as a sex pheromone, and as an attractant for TTX-sequestering organisms is discussed. Little is known about the adaptive value of TTX in microbial producers; thus, I focus on what is known about metazoans that are purported to accumulate TTX through diet or symbioses. Much of what has been proposed is inferred based on the anatomical distribution of TTX. Direct empirical tests of these hypotheses are absent in most cases.
Keywords: tetrodotoxin; ecology; defense; venom; pheromone

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MDPI and ACS Style

Williams, B.L. Behavioral and Chemical Ecology of Marine Organisms with Respect to Tetrodotoxin. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 381-398.

AMA Style

Williams BL. Behavioral and Chemical Ecology of Marine Organisms with Respect to Tetrodotoxin. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(3):381-398.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Williams, Becky L. 2010. "Behavioral and Chemical Ecology of Marine Organisms with Respect to Tetrodotoxin." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 3: 381-398.

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