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Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(10), 2546-2568; doi:10.3390/md8102546

Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics

1,*  and 2,3
Received: 26 August 2010 / Revised: 24 September 2010 / Accepted: 26 September 2010 / Published: 30 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolomic Approaches to Marine Organisms)
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Symbioses play an important role within the marine environment. Among the most well known of these symbioses is that between coral and the photosynthetic dinoflagellate, Symbiodinium spp. Understanding the metabolic relationships between the host and the symbiont is of the utmost importance in order to gain insight into how this symbiosis may be disrupted due to environmental stressors. Here we summarize the metabolites related to nutritional roles, diel cycles and the common metabolites associated with the invertebrate-Symbiodinium relationship. We also review the more obscure metabolites and toxins that have been identified through natural products and biomarker research. Finally, we discuss the key role that metabolomics and functional genomics will play in understanding these important symbioses.
Keywords: metabolomics; zooxanthellae; marine; Symbiodinium; coral metabolomics; zooxanthellae; marine; Symbiodinium; coral
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gordon, B.R.; Leggat, W. Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 2546-2568.

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