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Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics
AIMS@JCU, Australian Institute of Marine Science, School of Pharmacy and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
School of Pharmacy and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2010; in revised form: 24 September 2010 / Accepted: 26 September 2010 / Published: 30 September 2010
Abstract: Symbioses play an important role within the marine environment. Among the most well known of these symbioses is that between coral and the photosynthetic dinoflagellate, Symbiodinium spp. Understanding the metabolic relationships between the host and the symbiont is of the utmost importance in order to gain insight into how this symbiosis may be disrupted due to environmental stressors. Here we summarize the metabolites related to nutritional roles, diel cycles and the common metabolites associated with the invertebrate-Symbiodinium relationship. We also review the more obscure metabolites and toxins that have been identified through natural products and biomarker research. Finally, we discuss the key role that metabolomics and functional genomics will play in understanding these important symbioses.
Keywords: metabolomics; zooxanthellae; marine; Symbiodinium; coral
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Gordon, B.R.; Leggat, W. Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 2546-2568.
Gordon BR, Leggat W. Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(10):2546-2568.
Gordon, Benjamin R.; Leggat, William. 2010. "Symbiodinium—Invertebrate Symbioses and the Role of Metabolomics." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 10: 2546-2568.