Next Article in Journal
The Tetrodotoxin Binding Site Is within the Outer Vestibule of the Sodium Channel
Next Article in Special Issue
Natural Occurrence of 2′,5′-Linked Heteronucleotides in Marine Sponges
Previous Article in Journal
ESI FTICR-MS Analysis of Larvae from the Marine Sponge Luffariella variabilis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Recovery of Proteolytic and Collagenolytic Activities from Viscera By-products of Rayfish (Raja clavata)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(1), 200-218; doi:10.3390/md8010200

Agarase: Review of Major Sources, Categories, Purification Method, Enzyme Characteristics and Applications

1
College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
2
Faculty of Marine Bioscience and Technology, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 210-702, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2010 / Revised: 21 January 2010 / Accepted: 25 January 2010 / Published: 26 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [290 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Agarases are the enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of agar. They are classified into α-agarase (E.C. 3.2.1.158) and β-agarase (E.C. 3.2.1.81) according to the cleavage pattern. Several agarases have been isolated from different genera of bacteria found in seawater and marine sediments, as well as engineered microorganisms. Agarases have wide applications in food industry, cosmetics, and medical fields because they produce oligosaccharides with remarkable activities. They are also used as a tool enzyme for biological, physiological, and cytological studies. The paper reviews the category, source, purification method, major characteristics, and application fields of these native and gene cloned agarases in the past, present, and future. View Full-Text
Keywords: agar; agarase; GH-16 family; GH-50 family; oligosaccharides agar; agarase; GH-16 family; GH-50 family; oligosaccharides
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, X.T.; Kim, S.M. Agarase: Review of Major Sources, Categories, Purification Method, Enzyme Characteristics and Applications. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 200-218.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top