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Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(1), 200-218; doi:10.3390/md8010200
Review

Agarase: Review of Major Sources, Categories, Purification Method, Enzyme Characteristics and Applications

1
 and
2,*
Received: 6 January 2010 / Revised: 21 January 2010 / Accepted: 25 January 2010 / Published: 26 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
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Abstract

Agarases are the enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of agar. They are classified into α-agarase (E.C. 3.2.1.158) and β-agarase (E.C. 3.2.1.81) according to the cleavage pattern. Several agarases have been isolated from different genera of bacteria found in seawater and marine sediments, as well as engineered microorganisms. Agarases have wide applications in food industry, cosmetics, and medical fields because they produce oligosaccharides with remarkable activities. They are also used as a tool enzyme for biological, physiological, and cytological studies. The paper reviews the category, source, purification method, major characteristics, and application fields of these native and gene cloned agarases in the past, present, and future.
Keywords: agar; agarase; GH-16 family; GH-50 family; oligosaccharides agar; agarase; GH-16 family; GH-50 family; oligosaccharides
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Fu, X.T.; Kim, S.M. Agarase: Review of Major Sources, Categories, Purification Method, Enzyme Characteristics and Applications. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 200-218.

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