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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(1), 23; doi:10.3390/md14010023

Biologically Active Oxylipins from Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Routes in Macroalgae

REQUIMTE/LAQV, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira No. 228, Porto 4050-313, Portugal
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Academic Editor: Andrew Desbois
Received: 23 December 2015 / Revised: 8 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 20 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Fatty Acids-2016)
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Abstract

Marine algae are rich and heterogeneous sources of great chemical diversity, among which oxylipins are a well-recognized class of natural products. Algal oxylipins comprise an assortment of oxygenated, halogenated, and unsaturated functional groups and also several carbocycles, varying in ring size and position in lipid chain. Besides the discovery of structurally diverse oxylipins in macroalgae, research has recently deciphered the role of some of these metabolites in the defense and innate immunity of photosynthetic marine organisms. This review is an attempt to comprehensively cover the available literature on the chemistry, biosynthesis, ecology, and potential bioactivity of oxylipins from marine macroalgae. For a better understanding, enzymatic and nonenzymatic routes were separated; however, both processes often occur concomitantly and may influence each other, even producing structurally related molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxylipins; macroalgae; phytoprostanes; biosynthesis; bioactivity oxylipins; macroalgae; phytoprostanes; biosynthesis; bioactivity
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Barbosa, M.; Valentão, P.; Andrade, P.B. Biologically Active Oxylipins from Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Routes in Macroalgae. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 23.

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