Determination of Lipid Hydroperoxides in Marine Diatoms by the FOX2 Assay
AbstractEcologically-relevant marine diatoms produce a plethora of bioactive oxylipins deriving from fatty acid oxidation, including aldehydes, hydroxy-fatty acids, epoxy-hydroxy-fatty acids, and oxo-acids. These secondary metabolites have been related to the negative effect of diatoms on copepod reproduction, causing low hatching success and teratogenesis in the offspring during periods of intense diatom blooms. The common intermediates in the formation of oxylipins are fatty acid hydroperoxides. The quantitative measurement of these intermediates can fundamentally contribute to understanding the function and role of lipoxygenase metabolites in diatom-copepod interactions. Here, we describe the successful adaptation of the ferrous oxidation-xylenol orange 2 (FOX2) assay to diatom samples, which showed several advantages over other spectrophotometric and polarographic methods tested in the present work. Using this method we assessed fatty acid hydroperoxide levels in three diatom species: Skeletonema marinoi, Thalassiosira rotula, and Chaetoceros affinis, and discuss results in light of the literature data on their detrimental effects on copepod reproduction. View Full-Text
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Orefice, I.; Gerecht, A.; d'Ippolito, G.; Fontana, A.; Ianora, A.; Romano, G. Determination of Lipid Hydroperoxides in Marine Diatoms by the FOX2 Assay. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 5767-5783.
Orefice I, Gerecht A, d'Ippolito G, Fontana A, Ianora A, Romano G. Determination of Lipid Hydroperoxides in Marine Diatoms by the FOX2 Assay. Marine Drugs. 2015; 13(9):5767-5783.Chicago/Turabian Style
Orefice, Ida; Gerecht, Andrea; d'Ippolito, Giuliana; Fontana, Angelo; Ianora, Adrianna; Romano, Giovanna. 2015. "Determination of Lipid Hydroperoxides in Marine Diatoms by the FOX2 Assay." Mar. Drugs 13, no. 9: 5767-5783.