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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(5), 2967-3028; doi:10.3390/md13052967

Marine Polysaccharides from Algae with Potential Biomedical Applications

CBQF—Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Arquiteto Lobão Vital, Apartado 2511, 4202-401 Porto, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paola Laurienzo
Received: 10 March 2015 / Revised: 26 April 2015 / Accepted: 4 May 2015 / Published: 15 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Marine Polysaccharides)
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Abstract

There is a current tendency towards bioactive natural products with applications in various industries, such as pharmaceutical, biomedical, cosmetics and food. This has put some emphasis in research on marine organisms, including macroalgae and microalgae, among others. Polysaccharides with marine origin constitute one type of these biochemical compounds that have already proved to have several important properties, such as anticoagulant and/or antithrombotic, immunomodulatory ability, antitumor and cancer preventive, antilipidaemic and hypoglycaemic, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, making them promising bioactive products and biomaterials with a wide range of applications. Their properties are mainly due to their structure and physicochemical characteristics, which depend on the organism they are produced by. In the biomedical field, the polysaccharides from algae can be used in controlled drug delivery, wound management, and regenerative medicine. This review will focus on the biomedical applications of marine polysaccharides from algae. View Full-Text
Keywords: polysaccharides; algae; bioactive; biomedical; pharmaceuticals; therapeutics; drug delivery; regenerative medicine; wound management polysaccharides; algae; bioactive; biomedical; pharmaceuticals; therapeutics; drug delivery; regenerative medicine; wound management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Jesus Raposo, M.F.; de Morais, A.M.B.; de Morais, R.M.S.C. Marine Polysaccharides from Algae with Potential Biomedical Applications. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 2967-3028.

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