Mar. Drugs 2014, 12(3), 1438-1459; doi:10.3390/md12031438

Potential Polyunsaturated Aldehydes in the Strait of Gibraltar under Two Tidal Regimes

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Received: 19 November 2013; in revised form: 14 February 2014 / Accepted: 18 February 2014 / Published: 13 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolites in Diatoms)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Diatoms, a major component of the large-sized phytoplankton, are able to produce and release polyunsaturated aldehydes after cell disruption (potential PUAs or pPUA). These organisms are dominant in the large phytoplankton fraction (>10 µm) in the Strait of Gibraltar, the only connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. In this area, the hydrodynamics exerts a strong control on the composition and physiological state of the phytoplankton. This environment offers a great opportunity to analyze and compare the little known distribution of larger sized PUA producers in nature and, moreover, to study how environmental variables could affect the ranges and potential distribution of these compounds. Our results showed that, at both tidal regimes studied (Spring and Neap tides), diatoms in the Strait of Gibraltar are able to produce three aldehydes: Heptadienal, Octadienal and Decadienal, with a significant dominance of Decadienal production. The PUA released by mechanical cell disruption of large-sized collected cells (pPUA) ranged from 0.01 to 12.3 pmol from cells in 1 L, and from 0.1 to 9.8 fmol cell−1. Tidal regime affected the abundance, distribution and the level of physiological stress of diatoms in the Strait. During Spring tides, diatoms were more abundant, usually grouped nearer the coastal basin and showed less physiological stress than during Neap tides. Our results suggest a significant general increase in the pPUA productivity with increasing physiological stress for the cell also significantly associated to low nitrate availability.
Keywords: polyunsaturated aldehydes; diatoms; physiological stress; Strait of Gibraltar; heptadienal; octadienal; decadienal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morillo-García, S.; Valcárcel-Pérez, N.; Cózar, A.; Ortega, M.J.; Macías, D.; Ramírez-Romero, E.; García, C.M.; Echevarría, F.; Bartual, A. Potential Polyunsaturated Aldehydes in the Strait of Gibraltar under Two Tidal Regimes. Mar. Drugs 2014, 12, 1438-1459.

AMA Style

Morillo-García S, Valcárcel-Pérez N, Cózar A, Ortega MJ, Macías D, Ramírez-Romero E, García CM, Echevarría F, Bartual A. Potential Polyunsaturated Aldehydes in the Strait of Gibraltar under Two Tidal Regimes. Marine Drugs. 2014; 12(3):1438-1459.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morillo-García, Soledad; Valcárcel-Pérez, Nerea; Cózar, Andrés; Ortega, María J.; Macías, Diego; Ramírez-Romero, Eduardo; García, Carlos M.; Echevarría, Fidel; Bartual, Ana. 2014. "Potential Polyunsaturated Aldehydes in the Strait of Gibraltar under Two Tidal Regimes." Mar. Drugs 12, no. 3: 1438-1459.

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