Part Two: Evaluation of N-methylbupropion as a Potential Bupropion Prodrug
AbstractN-methylbupropion was selected as a potential prodrug from our in vitro screening of analogues of bupropion described in the preceding paper. This study describes in vivo pharmacokinetics of N-methylbupropion in the guinea-pig animal model, which is reported to best predict human metabolism of bupropion. The suitability of the guinea pig was established by studying N-demethylation of N-methylbupropion using S9 liver fractions. An LC-MS method was developed and validated to measure N-methylbupropion, bupropion and their metabolites in plasma and brain tissue. In separate studies, the prodrug was delivered by intraperitoneal injection (IP) to assess hepatic metabolism and then by oral gavage (PO) to assess the contribution from intestinal enzymes. Bupropion was administered in parallel. The pharmacokinetic profile of bupropion and N-methylbupropion were not comparable when dosed by intraperitoneal injection but when dosed orally, N-methylbupropion showed a comparable bupropion and metabolite PK plasma profile to bupropion. Plasma and brain levels of N-methylbupropion show that it is extensively metabolized to bupropion and its metabolites, and N-methyl-threo-hydrobupropion. This data coupled to the reduced DAT and NET system in vitro activity described in paper 1 would suggest that the N-methyl derivative of bupropion may have potential as an oral prodrug of bupropion in humans. View Full-Text
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O'Byrne, P.M.; williams, R.; walsh, J.J.; Gilmer, J.F. Part Two: Evaluation of N-methylbupropion as a Potential Bupropion Prodrug. Pharmaceuticals 2014, 7, 676-694.
O'Byrne PM, williams R, walsh JJ, Gilmer JF. Part Two: Evaluation of N-methylbupropion as a Potential Bupropion Prodrug. Pharmaceuticals. 2014; 7(6):676-694.Chicago/Turabian Style
O'Byrne, Paul M.; williams, Robert; walsh, John J.; Gilmer, John F. 2014. "Part Two: Evaluation of N-methylbupropion as a Potential Bupropion Prodrug." Pharmaceuticals 7, no. 6: 676-694.