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Association of Marijuana Use and Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome
Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, 4800 Alberta Ave, El Paso, TX 79912, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2012; in revised form: 13 June 2012 / Accepted: 19 June 2012 / Published: 29 June 2012
Abstract: Cannabis use has become one of the most commonly abused drugs in the world. It is estimated that each year 2.6 million individuals in the USA become new users and most are younger than 19 years of age. Reports describe marijuana use as high as 40–50% in male Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome patients. It is this interest in cannabis in the World, coupled with recognition of a cyclic vomiting illness associated with its chronic use that beckons a review of the most current articles, as well as a contribution from our own experiences in this area. The similarities we have demonstrated for both cannibinoid hyperemesis syndrome and cyclic vomiting make the case that cannibinoid hyperemesis syndrome is a subset of patients who have the diagnoses of cyclic vomiting syndrome and the role of marijuana should always be considered in the diagnosis of CVS, particularly in males.
Keywords: cyclic vomiting syndrome; marijuana; nausea; vomiting; cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style
Pattathan, M.B.; Hejazi, R.A.; McCallum, R.W. Association of Marijuana Use and Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5, 719-726.
Pattathan MB, Hejazi RA, McCallum RW. Association of Marijuana Use and Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Pharmaceuticals. 2012; 5(7):719-726.
Pattathan, Mithun B.; Hejazi, Reza A.; McCallum, Richard W. 2012. "Association of Marijuana Use and Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome." Pharmaceuticals 5, no. 7: 719-726.