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Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5(10), 1103-1119; doi:10.3390/ph5101103
Review

Mitochondria-Targeted Antioxidant SS31 Prevents Amyloid Beta-Induced Mitochondrial Abnormalities and Synaptic Degeneration in Alzheimer’s Disease

1,2,* , 1
 and 1
Received: 5 September 2012; in revised form: 4 October 2012 / Accepted: 8 October 2012 / Published: 16 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mitochondrial Drugs for Neurodegenerative Diseases)
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Abstract: In neuronal systems, the health and activity of mitochondria and synapses are tightly coupled. For this reason, it has been postulated that mitochondrial abnormalities may, at least in part, drive neurodegeneration in conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Mounting evidence from multiple Alzheimer’s disease cell and mouse models and postmortem brains suggest that loss of mitochondrial integrity may be a key factor that mediates synaptic loss. Therefore, the prevention or rescue of mitochondrial dysfunction may help delay or altogether prevent AD-associated neurodegeneration. Since mitochondrial health is heavily dependent on antioxidant defenses, researchers have begun to explore the use of mitochondria-targeted antioxidants as therapeutic tools to prevent neurodegenerative diseases. This review will highlight advances made using a model mitochondria-targeted antioxidant peptide, SS31, as a potential treatment for AD.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s; SS31; mitochondria; antioxidant Alzheimer’ s; SS31; mitochondria; antioxidant
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Calkins, M.J.; Manczak, M.; Reddy, P.H. Mitochondria-Targeted Antioxidant SS31 Prevents Amyloid Beta-Induced Mitochondrial Abnormalities and Synaptic Degeneration in Alzheimer’s Disease. Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5, 1103-1119.

AMA Style

Calkins MJ, Manczak M, Reddy PH. Mitochondria-Targeted Antioxidant SS31 Prevents Amyloid Beta-Induced Mitochondrial Abnormalities and Synaptic Degeneration in Alzheimer’s Disease. Pharmaceuticals. 2012; 5(10):1103-1119.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calkins, Marcus J.; Manczak, Maria; Reddy, P. H. 2012. "Mitochondria-Targeted Antioxidant SS31 Prevents Amyloid Beta-Induced Mitochondrial Abnormalities and Synaptic Degeneration in Alzheimer’s Disease." Pharmaceuticals 5, no. 10: 1103-1119.



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