Pharmaceuticals 2010, 3(9), 2861-2883; doi:10.3390/ph3092861
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Antidepressants and Suicide Risk: A Comprehensive Overview

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Received: 16 July 2010; in revised form: 20 August 2010 / Accepted: 26 August 2010 / Published: 30 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antidepressants)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The annual worldwide suicide rate currently averages approximately 13 per 100,000 individuals per year (0.013% per year), with higher average rates for men than for women in all but a few countries, very low rates in children, and relatively high rates in elderly men. Suicide rates vary markedly between countries, reflecting in part differences in case-identification and reporting procedures. Rates of attempted suicide in the general population average 20–30 times higher than rates of completed suicide, but are probably under-reported. Research on the relationship between pharmacotherapy and suicidal behavior was rare until a decade ago. Most ecological studies and large clinical studies have found that a general reduction in suicide rates is significantly correlated with higher rates of prescribing modern antidepressants. However, ecological, cohort and case-control studies and data from brief, randomized, controlled trials in patients with acute affective disorders have found increases, particularly in young patients and particularly for the risk of suicide attempts, as well as increases in suicidal ideation in young patients. whether antidepressants are associated with specific aspects of suicidality (e.g., higher rates of completed suicide, attempted suicide and suicidal ideation) in younger patients with major affective disorders remains a highly controversial question. In light of this gap this paper analyzes research on the relationship between suicidality and antidepressant treatment.
Keywords: suicidal risk; antidepressants; pharmacotherapy; younger patients
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pompili, M.; Serafini, G.; Innamorati, M.; Ambrosi, E.; Giordano, G.; Girardi, P.; Tatarelli, R.; Lester, D. Antidepressants and Suicide Risk: A Comprehensive Overview. Pharmaceuticals 2010, 3, 2861-2883.

AMA Style

Pompili M, Serafini G, Innamorati M, Ambrosi E, Giordano G, Girardi P, Tatarelli R, Lester D. Antidepressants and Suicide Risk: A Comprehensive Overview. Pharmaceuticals. 2010; 3(9):2861-2883.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pompili, Maurizio; Serafini, Gianluca; Innamorati, Marco; Ambrosi, Elisa; Giordano, Gloria; Girardi, Paolo; Tatarelli, Roberto; Lester, David. 2010. "Antidepressants and Suicide Risk: A Comprehensive Overview." Pharmaceuticals 3, no. 9: 2861-2883.

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