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Cannabinoids and Dementia: A Review of Clinical and Preclinical Data
University Hospital of Psychiatry, Bolligenstrasse 111, 3000 Bern 60, Switzerland;
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2010; in revised form: 5 August 2010 / Accepted: 16 August 2010 / Published: 17 August 2010
Abstract: The endocannabinoid system has been shown to be associated with neurodegenerative diseases and dementia. We review the preclinical and clinical data on cannabinoids and four neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Huntington’s disease (HD), Parkinson’s disease (PD) and vascular dementia (VD). Numerous studies have demonstrated an involvement of the cannabinoid system in neurotransmission, neuropathology and neurobiology of dementias. In addition, several candidate compounds have demonstrated efficacy in vitro. However, some of the substances produced inconclusive results in vivo. Therefore, only few trials have aimed to replicate the effects seen in animal studies in patients. Indeed, the literature on cannabinoid administration in patients is scarce. While preclinical findings suggest causal treatment strategies involving cannabinoids, clinical trials have only assessed the suitability of cannabinoid receptor agonists, antagonists and cannabidiol for the symptomatic treatment of dementia. Further research is needed, including in vivo models of dementia and human studies.
Keywords: cannabinoids; Alzheimer’s disease; Huntington’s disease; Parkinson’s disease; vascular dementia
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MDPI and ACS Style
Walther, S.; Halpern, M. Cannabinoids and Dementia: A Review of Clinical and Preclinical Data. Pharmaceuticals 2010, 3, 2689-2708.
Walther S, Halpern M. Cannabinoids and Dementia: A Review of Clinical and Preclinical Data. Pharmaceuticals. 2010; 3(8):2689-2708.
Walther, Sebastian; Halpern, Michael. 2010. "Cannabinoids and Dementia: A Review of Clinical and Preclinical Data." Pharmaceuticals 3, no. 8: 2689-2708.