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Sensors 2009, 9(9), 6613-6625; doi:10.3390/s90906613

An Electrochemical Sensor Based on Nanostructured Hollandite-type Manganese Oxide for Detection of Potassium Ions

1
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of State of Sao Paulo (UNESP), Rua Roberto Simonsen 305, CEP 19060-900 Presidente Prudente - SP, Brazil
2
Departamento de Química – Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos – SP, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2009 / Revised: 3 June 2009 / Accepted: 3 June 2009 / Published: 24 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

The participation of cations in redox reactions of manganese oxides provides an opportunity for development of chemical sensors for non-electroactive ions. A sensor based on a nanostructured hollandite-type manganese oxide was investigated for voltammetric detection of potassium ions. The detection is based on the measurement of anodic current generated by oxidation of Mn(III) to Mn(IV) at the surface of the electrode and the subsequent extraction of the potassium ions into the hollandite structure. In this work, an amperometric procedure at an operating potential of 0.80 V (versus SCE) is exploited for amperometric monitoring. The current signals are linearly proportional to potassium ion concentration in the range 4.97 × 10−5 to 9.05 × 10−4 mol L−1, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9997. View Full-Text
Keywords: hollandite-type manganese oxide; potassium ion; insertion electrochemical hollandite-type manganese oxide; potassium ion; insertion electrochemical
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lima, A.S.; Bocchi, N.; Gomes, H.M.; Teixeira, M.F.S. An Electrochemical Sensor Based on Nanostructured Hollandite-type Manganese Oxide for Detection of Potassium Ions. Sensors 2009, 9, 6613-6625.

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