Next Article in Journal
Calibration of Correlation Radiometers Using Pseudo-Random Noise Signals
Next Article in Special Issue
Monitoring System for Farming Operations with Wearable Devices Utilized Sensor Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Building Reconstruction by Target Based Graph Matching on Incomplete Laser Data: Analysis and Limitations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Label-Free Electrical Detection Using Carbon Nanotube-Based Biosensors
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2009, 9(8), 6119-6130; doi:10.3390/s90806119

Distortion of Near-Surface Seawater Temperature Structure by a Moored-Buoy Hull and Its Effect on Skin Temperature and Heat Flux Estimates

1
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima-Cho, Yokosuka, 237-0061, Japan
2
Center for Atmospheric and Oceanic Studies, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2009 / Revised: 27 July 2009 / Accepted: 29 July 2009 / Published: 31 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Japan)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [607 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that the accuracy of temperature measurements by surface-moored buoys may be affected by distortions of the near-surface temperature structure by the buoy hull on calm, sunny days. We obtained the first definite observational evidence that the temperature near the hull was not horizontally homogeneous at the same nominal depth. We observed large temperature differences of 1.0 K or more between thermometers at 0.2 m depth. The distortion of the surface temperature field yielded an error in estimates of daytime net surface heat flux up to more than 30 Wm2.
Keywords: moored buoy; sea surface temperature; diurnal warming; heat flux moored buoy; sea surface temperature; diurnal warming; heat flux
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kawai, Y.; Ando, K.; Kawamura, H. Distortion of Near-Surface Seawater Temperature Structure by a Moored-Buoy Hull and Its Effect on Skin Temperature and Heat Flux Estimates. Sensors 2009, 9, 6119-6130.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top