Sensors 2009, 9(5), 3745-3766; doi:10.3390/s90503745
Article

Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications

Received: 21 April 2009; in revised form: 12 May 2009 / Accepted: 18 May 2009 / Published: 18 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In the photogrammetry field, interest in region detectors, which are widely used in Computer Vision, is quickly increasing due to the availability of new techniques. Images acquired by Mobile Mapping Technology, Oblique Photogrammetric Cameras or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles do not observe normal acquisition conditions. Feature extraction and matching techniques, which are traditionally used in photogrammetry, are usually inefficient for these applications as they are unable to provide reliable results under extreme geometrical conditions (convergent taking geometry, strong affine transformations, etc.) and for bad-textured images. A performance analysis of the SIFT technique in aerial and close-range photogrammetric applications is presented in this paper. The goal is to establish the suitability of the SIFT technique for automatic tie point extraction and approximate DSM (Digital Surface Model) generation. First, the performances of the SIFT operator have been compared with those provided by feature extraction and matching techniques used in photogrammetry. All these techniques have been implemented by the authors and validated on aerial and terrestrial images. Moreover, an auto-adaptive version of the SIFT operator has been developed, in order to improve the performances of the SIFT detector in relation to the texture of the images. The Auto-Adaptive SIFT operator (A2 SIFT) has been validated on several aerial images, with particular attention to large scale aerial images acquired using mini-UAV systems.
Keywords: feature extraction; feature matching; image orientation; SIFT operator; location accuracy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lingua, A.; Marenchino, D.; Nex, F. Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications. Sensors 2009, 9, 3745-3766.

AMA Style

Lingua A, Marenchino D, Nex F. Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications. Sensors. 2009; 9(5):3745-3766.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lingua, Andrea; Marenchino, Davide; Nex, Francesco. 2009. "Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications." Sensors 9, no. 5: 3745-3766.

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