Sensors 2009, 9(3), 1937-1966; doi:10.3390/s90301937

Vibration and Fluorescence Spectra of Porphyrin- CoredBis(methylol)-propionic Acid Dendrimers

1email and 2,* email
Received: 21 October 2008; in revised form: 27 February 2009 / Accepted: 16 March 2009 / Published: 16 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dendritic Sensors: From Dendrimer Molecules to Dendritic Cells)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Bis-MPA dendron-coated free-base tetraphenylporphyrin and zinc-tetraphenyl-porphyrin (TPPH2 and TPPZn) were studied in comparison with simple porphyrins (H2P, ZnP) by theoretical simulation of their infrared, Raman and electronic absorption spectra, as well as fluorescense emission. Infrared and fluorescence spectra of the dendrimers were measured and interpreted along with time-resolved measurements of the fluorescence. The 0-1 emission band of the dendron substituted TPPZn was found to experience a "heavy substitution"-effect. The 0-1 vibronic emission signal is associated with a longer decay time (approx. 7 - 8 ns) than the 0-0 emission (approx. 1 - 1.5 ns). The former contributed with more relative emission yield for larger dendron substituents, in agreement with the appearance of steady-state emission spectra showing increased contribution from the 0-1 vibronic fluorescence band at 650 nm. No such substitution effect was observed in the electronic or vibrational spectra of the substituted free-base variant, TPPH2. Vibration spectra of the parent porphyrins (H2P, ZnP, TPPH2 and TPPZn) were calculated by density functional theory (DFT) using the B3LYP/6-31G** approximation and a detailed analysis of the most active vibration modes was made based on both literature and our own experimental data. Based on the results of theoretical calculations the wide vibronic bands in the visible region were assigned. The vibronic structure also gave a qualitative interpretation of bands in the electronic absorption spectra as well as in fluorescence emission depending on the size of dendrimer substitution. From the results of time-dependent DFT calculations it is suggested that the TPPZn-cored dendrimers indicate strong vibronic interaction and increased Jahn-Teller distortion of the prophyrin core for larger dendrimer generations. Specifically, this leads to the entirely different behaviour of the emission spectra upon substitution of the TPPH2 and TPPZn variants, which was also experimentally observed. Since TPPH2 is originally of lower symmetry the specific distortion upon dendron substitution is not expected to the same extent, which also was in agreement with the experimental findings.
Keywords: Porphyrin dendrimers; fluorescence spectroscopy; IR spectroscopy; time-resolved spectroscopy; dendrimer size effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Minaev, B.; Lindgren, M. Vibration and Fluorescence Spectra of Porphyrin- CoredBis(methylol)-propionic Acid Dendrimers. Sensors 2009, 9, 1937-1966.

AMA Style

Minaev B, Lindgren M. Vibration and Fluorescence Spectra of Porphyrin- CoredBis(methylol)-propionic Acid Dendrimers. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):1937-1966.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minaev, Boris; Lindgren, Mikael. 2009. "Vibration and Fluorescence Spectra of Porphyrin- CoredBis(methylol)-propionic Acid Dendrimers." Sensors 9, no. 3: 1937-1966.

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