Sensors 2009, 9(3), 1821-1844; doi:10.3390/s90301821
Review

A Review on Direct Electrochemistry of Catalase for Electrochemical Sensors

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Received: 20 January 2009; in revised form: 3 March 2009 / Accepted: 13 March 2009 / Published: 13 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnological Advances in Biosensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Catalase (CAT) is a heme enzyme with a Fe(III/II) prosthetic group at its redox centre. CAT is present in almost all aerobic living organisms, where it catalyzes the disproportionation of H2O2 into oxygen and water without forming free radicals. In order to study this catalytic mechanism in detail, the direct electrochemistry of CAT has been investigated at various modified electrode surfaces with and without nanomaterials. The results show that CAT immobilized on nanomaterial modified electrodes shows excellent catalytic activity, high sensitivity and the lowest detection limit for H2O2 determination. In the presence of nanomaterials, the direct electron transfer between the heme group of the enzyme and the electrode surface improved significantly. Moreover, the immobilized CAT is highly biocompatible and remains extremely stable within the nanomaterial matrices. This review discusses about the versatile approaches carried out in CAT immobilization for direct electrochemistry and electrochemical sensor development aimed as efficient H2O2 determination. The benefits of immobilizing CAT in nanomaterial matrices have also been highlighted.
Keywords: Direct electrochemistry; catalase; electrocatalysis; hydrogen peroxide; electrochemical sensors; nanomaterials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prakash, P.A.; Yogeswaran, U.; Chen, S.-M. A Review on Direct Electrochemistry of Catalase for Electrochemical Sensors. Sensors 2009, 9, 1821-1844.

AMA Style

Prakash PA, Yogeswaran U, Chen S-M. A Review on Direct Electrochemistry of Catalase for Electrochemical Sensors. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):1821-1844.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prakash, Periasamy Arun; Yogeswaran, Umasankar; Chen, Shen-Ming. 2009. "A Review on Direct Electrochemistry of Catalase for Electrochemical Sensors." Sensors 9, no. 3: 1821-1844.

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