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A Novel Energy-Efficient MAC Aware Data Aggregation Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks #
Dept. of Information Management, National Taiwan University / No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei City 106, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Dept. of Information Management, Shih Hsin University / No. 1, Lane17, Sec.1, Mu-Cha Rd., Taipei City 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.
An earlier version of this paper appeared in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), 2006, 8, 3491-3496.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2009; in revised form: 24 February 2009 / Accepted: 2 March 2009 / Published: 4 March 2009
Abstract: Embedding data-aggregation capabilities into sensor nodes of wireless networks could save energy by reducing redundant data flow transmissions. Existing research describes the construction of data aggregation trees to maximize data aggregation times in order to reduce data transmission of redundant data. However, aggregation of more nodes on the same node will incur significant collisions. These MAC (Media Access Control) layer collisions introduce additional data retransmissions that could jeopardize the advantages of data aggregation. This paper is the first to consider the energy consumption tradeoffs between data aggregation and retransmissions in a wireless sensor network. By using the existing CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance) MAC protocol, the retransmission energy consumption function is well formulated. This paper proposes a novel non-linear mathematical formulation, whose function is to minimize the total energy consumption of data transmission subject to data aggregation trees and data retransmissions. This solution approach is based on Lagrangean relaxation, in conjunction with optimization-based heuristics. From the computational experiments, it is shown that the proposed algorithms could construct MAC aware data aggregation trees that are up to 59% more energy efficient than existing data aggregation algorithms.
Keywords: Data aggregation; MAC aware data aggregation routing; CSMA/CA; Lagrangean relaxation; wireless sensor networks
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lin, F.-S.; Yen, H.-H.; Lin, S.-P. A Novel Energy-Efficient MAC Aware Data Aggregation Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks #. Sensors 2009, 9, 1518-1533.
Lin F-S, Yen H-H, Lin S-P. A Novel Energy-Efficient MAC Aware Data Aggregation Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks #. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):1518-1533.
Lin, Frank Yeong-Sung; Yen, Hong-Hsu; Lin, Shu-Ping. 2009. "A Novel Energy-Efficient MAC Aware Data Aggregation Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks #." Sensors 9, no. 3: 1518-1533.