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A Tabu Search WSN Deployment Method for Monitoring Geographically Irregular Distributed Events
LIP6, University Paris 6, 104 avenue du president Kennedy, 75016 Paris, France
L2TI, University Paris 13, 99 Avenue J-B Cl´ement, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2009; Accepted: 24 February 2009 / Published: 9 March 2009
Abstract: In this paper, we address the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) deployment issue. We assume that the observed area is characterized by the geographical irregularity of the sensed events. Formally, we consider that each point in the deployment area is associated a differentiated detection probability threshold, which must be satisfied by our deployment method. Our resulting WSN deployment problem is formulated as a Multi-Objectives Optimization problem, which seeks to reduce the gap between the generated events detection probabilities and the required thresholds while minimizing the number of deployed sensors. To overcome the computational complexity of an exact resolution, we propose an original pseudo-random approach based on the Tabu Search heuristic. Simulations show that our proposal achieves better performances than several other approaches proposed in the literature. In the last part of this paper, we generalize the deployment problem by including the wireless communication network connectivity constraint. Thus, we extend our proposal to ensure that the resulting WSN topology is connected even if a sensor communication range takes small values.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network Deployment; Differentiated detection; Connectivity; Tabu Search heuristic
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MDPI and ACS Style
Aitsaadi, N.; Achir, N.; Boussetta, K.; Pujolle, G. A Tabu Search WSN Deployment Method for Monitoring Geographically Irregular Distributed Events. Sensors 2009, 9, 1625-1643.
Aitsaadi N, Achir N, Boussetta K, Pujolle G. A Tabu Search WSN Deployment Method for Monitoring Geographically Irregular Distributed Events. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):1625-1643.
Aitsaadi, Nadjib; Achir, Nadjib; Boussetta, Khaled; Pujolle, Guy. 2009. "A Tabu Search WSN Deployment Method for Monitoring Geographically Irregular Distributed Events." Sensors 9, no. 3: 1625-1643.