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Sensors 2009, 9(11), 8684-8708; doi:10.3390/s91108684

A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones

Department of Telematics Engineering, Barcelona Tech University, Esteve Terradas, 7 - 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain
Received: 31 August 2009 / Revised: 8 October 2009 / Accepted: 19 October 2009 / Published: 29 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
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Abstract

Effective solutions should be devised to handle the effects of shadow zones in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs). An adaptive topology reorganization scheme that maintains connectivity in multi-hop UWSNs affected by shadow zones has been developed in the context of two Spanish-funded research projects. A mathematical model has been proposed to find the optimal location for sensors with two objectives: the minimization of the transmission loss and the maintenance of network connectivity. The theoretical analysis and the numerical evaluations reveal that our scheme reduces the transmission loss under all propagation phenomena scenarios for all water depths in UWSNs and improves the signal-to-noise ratio.
Keywords: underwater sensor networks; shadow zones; transmission loss; optimal location underwater sensor networks; shadow zones; transmission loss; optimal location
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Domingo, M.C. A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones. Sensors 2009, 9, 8684-8708.

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