Sensors 2009, 9(11), 8684-8708; doi:10.3390/s91108684
Article

A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones

email
Received: 31 August 2009; in revised form: 8 October 2009 / Accepted: 19 October 2009 / Published: 29 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Effective solutions should be devised to handle the effects of shadow zones in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs). An adaptive topology reorganization scheme that maintains connectivity in multi-hop UWSNs affected by shadow zones has been developed in the context of two Spanish-funded research projects. A mathematical model has been proposed to find the optimal location for sensors with two objectives: the minimization of the transmission loss and the maintenance of network connectivity. The theoretical analysis and the numerical evaluations reveal that our scheme reduces the transmission loss under all propagation phenomena scenarios for all water depths in UWSNs and improves the signal-to-noise ratio.
Keywords: underwater sensor networks; shadow zones; transmission loss; optimal location
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [2590 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014 02:50 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Domingo, M.C. A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones. Sensors 2009, 9, 8684-8708.

AMA Style

Domingo MC. A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones. Sensors. 2009; 9(11):8684-8708.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domingo, Mari C. 2009. "A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones." Sensors 9, no. 11: 8684-8708.


Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert