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Sensors 2009, 9(11), 8399-8421; doi:10.3390/s91108399
Review

Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

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Received: 14 September 2009 / Revised: 28 September 2009 / Accepted: 10 October 2009 / Published: 26 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
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Abstract

The applications of wireless sensor networks comprise a wide variety of scenarios. In most of them, the network is composed of a significant number of nodes deployed in an extensive area in which not all nodes are directly connected. Then, the data exchange is supported by multihop communications. Routing protocols are in charge of discovering and maintaining the routes in the network. However, the appropriateness of a particular routing protocol mainly depends on the capabilities of the nodes and on the application requirements. This paper presents a review of the main routing protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks. Additionally, the paper includes the efforts carried out by Spanish universities on developing optimization techniques in the area of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks.
Keywords: routing protocol; wireless sensor network routing protocol; wireless sensor network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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García Villalba, L.J.; Sandoval Orozco, A.L.; Triviño Cabrera, A.; Barenco Abbas, C.J. Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2009, 9, 8399-8421.

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