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Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks
Group of Analysis, Security and Systems (GASS), Department of Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence, School of Computer Science, Office 431, Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2009; in revised form: 28 September 2009 / Accepted: 10 October 2009 / Published: 26 October 2009
Abstract: The applications of wireless sensor networks comprise a wide variety of scenarios. In most of them, the network is composed of a significant number of nodes deployed in an extensive area in which not all nodes are directly connected. Then, the data exchange is supported by multihop communications. Routing protocols are in charge of discovering and maintaining the routes in the network. However, the appropriateness of a particular routing protocol mainly depends on the capabilities of the nodes and on the application requirements. This paper presents a review of the main routing protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks. Additionally, the paper includes the efforts carried out by Spanish universities on developing optimization techniques in the area of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks.
Keywords: routing protocol; wireless sensor network
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
García Villalba, L.J.; Sandoval Orozco, A.L.; Triviño Cabrera, A.; Barenco Abbas, C.J. Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2009, 9, 8399-8421.
García Villalba LJ, Sandoval Orozco AL, Triviño Cabrera A, Barenco Abbas CJ. Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2009; 9(11):8399-8421.
García Villalba, Luis J.; Sandoval Orozco, Ana L.; Triviño Cabrera, Alicia; Barenco Abbas, Cláudia J. 2009. "Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks." Sensors 9, no. 11: 8399-8421.