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Sensors 2009, 9(11), 8399-8421; doi:10.3390/s91108399

Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

Group of Analysis, Security and Systems (GASS), Department of Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence, School of Computer Science, Office 431, Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2009 / Revised: 28 September 2009 / Accepted: 10 October 2009 / Published: 26 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
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The applications of wireless sensor networks comprise a wide variety of scenarios. In most of them, the network is composed of a significant number of nodes deployed in an extensive area in which not all nodes are directly connected. Then, the data exchange is supported by multihop communications. Routing protocols are in charge of discovering and maintaining the routes in the network. However, the appropriateness of a particular routing protocol mainly depends on the capabilities of the nodes and on the application requirements. This paper presents a review of the main routing protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks. Additionally, the paper includes the efforts carried out by Spanish universities on developing optimization techniques in the area of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks.
Keywords: routing protocol; wireless sensor network routing protocol; wireless sensor network

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

García Villalba, L.J.; Sandoval Orozco, A.L.; Triviño Cabrera, A.; Barenco Abbas, C.J. Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2009, 9, 8399-8421.

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