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Zeolite-based Impedimetric Gas Sensor Device in Low-cost Technology for Hydrocarbon Gas Detection
Bayreuth Engine Research Center, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2008; in revised form: 4 December 2008 / Accepted: 4 December 2008 / Published: 5 December 2008
Abstract: Due to increasing environmental concerns the need for inexpensive selective gas sensors is increasing. This work deals with transferring a novel zeolite-based impedimetric hydrocarbon gas sensor principle, which has been originally manufactured in a costly combination of photolithography, thin-film processes, and thick-film processes to a lowcost technology comprising only thick-film processes and one electroplating step. The sensing effect is based on a thin chromium oxide layer between the interdigital electrodes and a Pt-loaded ZSM-5 zeolite film. When hydrocarbons are present in the sensor ambient, the electrical sensor impedance increases strongly and selectively. In the present work, the chromium oxide film is electroplated on Au screen-printed interdigital electrodes and then oxidized to Cr2O3. The electrode area is covered with the screen-printed zeolite. The sensor device is self-heated utilizing a planar platinum heater on the backside. The best sensor performance is obtained at a frequency of 3 Hz at around 350 °C. The good selectivity of the original sensor setup could be confirmed, but a strong cross-sensitivity to ammonia occurs, which might prohibit its original intention for use in automotive exhausts.
Keywords: OBD (On-Board-Diagnosis); electroplating; HC; VOC
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Reiß, S.; Hagen, G.; Moos, R. Zeolite-based Impedimetric Gas Sensor Device in Low-cost Technology for Hydrocarbon Gas Detection. Sensors 2008, 8, 7904-7916.
Reiß S, Hagen G, Moos R. Zeolite-based Impedimetric Gas Sensor Device in Low-cost Technology for Hydrocarbon Gas Detection. Sensors. 2008; 8(12):7904-7916.
Reiß, Sebastian; Hagen, Gunter; Moos, Ralf. 2008. "Zeolite-based Impedimetric Gas Sensor Device in Low-cost Technology for Hydrocarbon Gas Detection." Sensors 8, no. 12: 7904-7916.