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Review on Hydrogel-based pH Sensors and Microsensors
Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, 01062 Dresden, Germany
Technische Universität Dresden, Physical Chemistry of Polymers, 01062 Dresden, Germany
Technische Universität Dresden, Macromolecular Chemistry and Textile Chemistry, 01062 Dresden, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2007; Accepted: 24 January 2008 / Published: 25 January 2008
Abstract: Stimuli-responsive hydrogels are materials with great potential for development of active functionalities in fluidics and micro-fluidics. Based on the current state of research on pH sensors, hydrogel sensors are described qualitatively and quantitatively for the first time. The review introduces the physical background of the special properties of stimuli-responsive hydrogels. Following, transducers are described which are able to convert the non-electrical changes of the physical properties of stimuli-responsive hydrogels into an electrical signal. Finally, the specific sensor properties, design rules and general conditions for sensor applications are discussed.
Keywords: pH sensor; microsensor; stimuli-responsive hydrogel; phase transition.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Richter, A.; Paschew, G.; Klatt, S.; Lienig, J.; Arndt, K.-F.; Adler, H.-J.P. Review on Hydrogel-based pH Sensors and Microsensors. Sensors 2008, 8, 561-581.
Richter A, Paschew G, Klatt S, Lienig J, Arndt K-F, Adler H-JP. Review on Hydrogel-based pH Sensors and Microsensors. Sensors. 2008; 8(1):561-581.
Richter, Andreas; Paschew, Georgi; Klatt, Stephan; Lienig, Jens; Arndt, Karl-Friedrich; Adler, Hans-Jürgen P. 2008. "Review on Hydrogel-based pH Sensors and Microsensors." Sensors 8, no. 1: 561-581.