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Sensors 2007, 7(12), 3058-3070; doi:10.3390/s7123058

Development of a Space-charge-sensing System

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Received: 21 October 2007; Accepted: 30 November 2007 / Published: 4 December 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Disaster and Emergency Management Decision Making)
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Abstract: A system for remotely measuring the distribution of air space charge in real time is developed. The system consists of a loudspeaker and an electric field antenna. By propagating a burst of directional sound wave from the speaker, a modulation in the space charge and, therefore, an electric field change at ground is produced. The distribution of the space charge density is derived from the E-field change which can be measured by the E- field antenna. The developed system has been confirmed by both laboratory and field experiments.
Keywords: Space charge; remote sensing; thundercloud; lightning. Space charge; remote sensing; thundercloud; lightning.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hazmi, A.; Takagi, N.; Wang, D.; Watanabe, T. Development of a Space-charge-sensing System. Sensors 2007, 7, 3058-3070.

AMA Style

Hazmi A, Takagi N, Wang D, Watanabe T. Development of a Space-charge-sensing System. Sensors. 2007; 7(12):3058-3070.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hazmi, Ariadi; Takagi, Nobuyuki; Wang, Daohong; Watanabe, Teiji. 2007. "Development of a Space-charge-sensing System." Sensors 7, no. 12: 3058-3070.

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