Sensors 2007, 7(12), 3058-3070; doi:10.3390/s7123058
Article

Development of a Space-charge-sensing System

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Received: 21 October 2007; Accepted: 30 November 2007 / Published: 4 December 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Disaster and Emergency Management Decision Making)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A system for remotely measuring the distribution of air space charge in real time is developed. The system consists of a loudspeaker and an electric field antenna. By propagating a burst of directional sound wave from the speaker, a modulation in the space charge and, therefore, an electric field change at ground is produced. The distribution of the space charge density is derived from the E-field change which can be measured by the E- field antenna. The developed system has been confirmed by both laboratory and field experiments.
Keywords: Space charge; remote sensing; thundercloud; lightning.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hazmi, A.; Takagi, N.; Wang, D.; Watanabe, T. Development of a Space-charge-sensing System. Sensors 2007, 7, 3058-3070.

AMA Style

Hazmi A, Takagi N, Wang D, Watanabe T. Development of a Space-charge-sensing System. Sensors. 2007; 7(12):3058-3070.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hazmi, Ariadi; Takagi, Nobuyuki; Wang, Daohong; Watanabe, Teiji. 2007. "Development of a Space-charge-sensing System." Sensors 7, no. 12: 3058-3070.


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