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Solid State pH Sensor Based on Light Emitting Diodes (LED) As Detector Platform
National Centre for Sensor Research, School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2006; Accepted: 1 May 2006 / Published: 23 August 2006
Abstract: A low-power, high sensitivity, very low-cost light emitting diode (LED)-baseddevice developed for low-cost sensor networks was modified with bromocresol greenmembrane to work as a solid-state pH sensor. In this approach, a reverse-biased LEDfunctioning as a photodiode is coupled with a second LED configured in conventionalemission mode. A simple timer circuit measures how long (in microsecond) it takes for thephotocurrent generated on the detector LED to discharge its capacitance from logic 1 ( 5 V)to logic 0 ( 1.7 V). The entire instrument provides an inherently digital output of lightintensity measurements for a few cents. A light dependent resistor (LDR) modified withsimilar sensor membrane was also used as a comparison method. Both the LED sensor andthe LDR sensor responded to various pH buffer solutions in a similar way to obtainsigmoidal curves expected of the dye. The pKa value obtained for the sensors was found toagree with the literature value.
Keywords: pH sensing; solid-state pH sensor; optical sensing; colorimetric sensor; light emitting diode; light dependent resistor.
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Lau, K.T.; Shepherd, R.; Diamond, D.; Diamond, D. Solid State pH Sensor Based on Light Emitting Diodes (LED) As Detector Platform. Sensors 2006, 6, 848-859.
Lau KT, Shepherd R, Diamond D, Diamond D. Solid State pH Sensor Based on Light Emitting Diodes (LED) As Detector Platform. Sensors. 2006; 6(8):848-859.
Lau, King T.; Shepherd, R.; Diamond, Danny; Diamond, Dermot. 2006. "Solid State pH Sensor Based on Light Emitting Diodes (LED) As Detector Platform." Sensors 6, no. 8: 848-859.