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Sensors 2006, 6(11), 1428-1439; doi:10.3390/s6111428
Review

Application of Electronic Noses for Disease Diagnosis and Food Spoilage Detection

* , ,  and
Received: 22 September 2006; in revised form: 28 October 2006 / Accepted: 30 October 2006 / Published: 1 November 2006
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensors)
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Abstract: Over the last twenty years, newly developed chemical sensor systems (socalled“electronic noses") have odour analyses made possible. This paper describes theapplications of these systems for microbial detection in different fields such as medicineand the food industry, where fast detection methods are essential for appropriatemanagement of health care. Several groups have employed different electronic noses forclassification and quantification of bacteria and fungi to obtain accurate medicaldiagnosis and food quality control. So far, detection and identification of bacterial andfungal volatiles have been achieved by use of e-noses offering different correctclassification percentages. The present review includes examples of bacterial and fungalspecies producing volatile compounds and correlated to infectious diseases or fooddeterioration. The results suggest the possibility of using this new technology both inmedical diagnostics and in food control management.
Keywords: electronic noses; microorganisms; spoilage; clinical samples. electronic noses; microorganisms; spoilage; clinical samples.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Casalinuovo, I.A.; Di Pierro, D.; Coletta, M.; Di Francesco, P. Application of Electronic Noses for Disease Diagnosis and Food Spoilage Detection. Sensors 2006, 6, 1428-1439.

AMA Style

Casalinuovo IA, Di Pierro D, Coletta M, Di Francesco P. Application of Electronic Noses for Disease Diagnosis and Food Spoilage Detection. Sensors. 2006; 6(11):1428-1439.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Casalinuovo, Ida A.; Di Pierro, Donato; Coletta, Massimiliano; Di Francesco, Paolo. 2006. "Application of Electronic Noses for Disease Diagnosis and Food Spoilage Detection." Sensors 6, no. 11: 1428-1439.



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