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Sensors 2018, 18(5), 1547; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051547

CNT Foam-Embedded Micro Gas Preconcentrator for Low-Concentration Ethane Measurements

1
Department of Mechanics and Design, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702, Korea
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2018 / Revised: 5 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

Breath analysis has become increasingly important as a noninvasive process for the clinical diagnosis of patients suffering from various diseases. Many commercial gas preconcentration instruments are already being used to overcome the detection limits of commercial gas sensors for gas concentrations which are as low as ~100 ppb in exhaled breath. However, commercial instruments are large and expensive, and they require high power consumption and intensive maintenance. In the proposed study, a micro gas preconcentrator (μ-PC) filled with a carbon nanotube (CNT) foam as an adsorbing material was designed and fabricated for the detection of low-concentration ethane, which is known to be one of the most important biomarkers related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. A comparison of the performance of two gas-adsorbing materials, i.e., the proposed CNT foam and commercial adsorbing material, was performed using the developed μ-PC. The experimental results showed that the synthesized CNT foam performs better than a commercial adsorbing material owing to its lower pressure drop and greater preconcentration efficiency in the μ-PC. The present results show that the application of CNT foam-embedded μ-PC in portable breath analysis systems holds great promise. View Full-Text
Keywords: breath analysis; ethane; micro gas preconcentrator; gas-adsorbing materials; carbon nanotube foam breath analysis; ethane; micro gas preconcentrator; gas-adsorbing materials; carbon nanotube foam
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, J.; Lim, S.-H. CNT Foam-Embedded Micro Gas Preconcentrator for Low-Concentration Ethane Measurements. Sensors 2018, 18, 1547.

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