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Sensors 2018, 18(2), 597; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18020597

An Efficient Framework Model for Optimizing Routing Performance in VANETs

Department of Wireless and Communication Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technolog, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
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Received: 1 November 2017 / Revised: 8 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 15 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

Routing in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET) is a bit complicated because of the nature of the high dynamic mobility. The efficiency of routing protocol is influenced by a number of factors such as network density, bandwidth constraints, traffic load, and mobility patterns resulting in frequency changes in network topology. Therefore, Quality of Service (QoS) is strongly needed to enhance the capability of the routing protocol and improve the overall network performance. In this paper, we introduce a statistical framework model to address the problem of optimizing routing configuration parameters in Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication. Our framework solution is based on the utilization of the network resources to further reflect the current state of the network and to balance the trade-off between frequent changes in network topology and the QoS requirements. It consists of three stages: simulation network stage used to execute different urban scenarios, the function stage used as a competitive approach to aggregate the weighted cost of the factors in a single value, and optimization stage used to evaluate the communication cost and to obtain the optimal configuration based on the competitive cost. The simulation results show significant performance improvement in terms of the Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), Normalized Routing Load (NRL), Packet loss (PL), and End-to-End Delay (E2ED). View Full-Text
Keywords: VANET Networks; stable routing; Swarm optimization; Quality of Service; network performance VANET Networks; stable routing; Swarm optimization; Quality of Service; network performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Al-Kharasani, N.M.; Zulkarnain, Z.A.; Subramaniam, S.; Hanapi, Z.M. An Efficient Framework Model for Optimizing Routing Performance in VANETs. Sensors 2018, 18, 597.

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