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Sensors 2018, 18(2), 345; doi:10.3390/s18020345

Three-Dimensional Blood Vessel Model with Temperature-Indicating Function for Evaluation of Thermal Damage during Surgery

Room 310, Aerospace Mechanical Engineering Research Building 3F, Department of Micro-Nano Mechanical Science & Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Aichi-Pref., Nagoya-shi 464-8603, Japan
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Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 20 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Invasive Biomedical Sensors)
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Abstract

Surgical simulators have recently attracted attention because they enable the evaluation of the surgical skills of medical doctors and the performance of medical devices. However, thermal damage to the human body during surgery is difficult to evaluate using conventional surgical simulators. In this study, we propose a functional surgical model with a temperature-indicating function for the evaluation of thermal damage during surgery. The simulator is made of a composite material of polydimethylsiloxane and a thermochromic dye, which produces an irreversible color change as the temperature increases. Using this material, we fabricated a three-dimensional blood vessel model using the lost-wax process. We succeeded in fabricating a renal vessel model for simulation of catheter ablation. Increases in the temperature of the materials can be measured by image analysis of their color change. The maximum measurement error of the temperature was approximately −1.6 °C/+2.4 °C within the range of 60 °C to 100 °C. View Full-Text
Keywords: temperature measurement; surgical simulator; 3D fabrication temperature measurement; surgical simulator; 3D fabrication
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Hayakawa, T.; Maruyama, H.; Watanabe, T.; Arai, F. Three-Dimensional Blood Vessel Model with Temperature-Indicating Function for Evaluation of Thermal Damage during Surgery. Sensors 2018, 18, 345.

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