An IMU-Aided Body-Shadowing Error Compensation Method for Indoor Bluetooth Positioning
AbstractResearch on indoor positioning technologies has recently become a hotspot because of the huge social and economic potential of indoor location-based services (ILBS). Wireless positioning signals have a considerable attenuation in received signal strength (RSS) when transmitting through human bodies, which would cause significant ranging and positioning errors in RSS-based systems. This paper mainly focuses on the body-shadowing impairment of RSS-based ranging and positioning, and derives a mathematical expression of the relation between the body-shadowing effect and the positioning error. In addition, an inertial measurement unit-aided (IMU-aided) body-shadowing detection strategy is designed, and an error compensation model is established to mitigate the effect of body-shadowing. A Bluetooth positioning algorithm with body-shadowing error compensation (BP-BEC) is then proposed to improve both the positioning accuracy and the robustness in indoor body-shadowing environments. Experiments are conducted in two indoor test beds, and the performance of both the BP-BEC algorithm and the algorithms without body-shadowing error compensation (named no-BEC) is evaluated. The results show that the BP-BEC outperforms the no-BEC by about 60.1% and 73.6% in terms of positioning accuracy and robustness, respectively. Moreover, the execution time of the BP-BEC algorithm is also evaluated, and results show that the convergence speed of the proposed algorithm has an insignificant effect on real-time localization. View Full-Text
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Deng, Z.; Fu, X.; Wang, H. An IMU-Aided Body-Shadowing Error Compensation Method for Indoor Bluetooth Positioning. Sensors 2018, 18, 304.
Deng Z, Fu X, Wang H. An IMU-Aided Body-Shadowing Error Compensation Method for Indoor Bluetooth Positioning. Sensors. 2018; 18(1):304.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Zhongliang; Fu, Xiao; Wang, Hanhua. 2018. "An IMU-Aided Body-Shadowing Error Compensation Method for Indoor Bluetooth Positioning." Sensors 18, no. 1: 304.
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