Plils: A Practical Indoor Localization System through Less Expensive Wireless Chips via Subregion Clustering
AbstractReducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase. In the offline training phase, a self-organizing map (SOM) is utilized for dividing a target area into k subregions, wherein their grids in the same subregion have similar fingerprints. In the online localization phase, the support vector machine (SVM) and back propagation (BP) neural network methods are adopted to identify which subregion a tagged object is located in, and calculate its exact location, respectively. The reasonable value for k has been discussed as well. Our experiments show that Plils achieves 75 cm accuracy on average, and is robust to indoor obstacles. View Full-Text
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Li, X.; Yang, Y.; Cai, J.; Deng, Y.; Yang, J.; Zhou, X.; Tan, L. Plils: A Practical Indoor Localization System through Less Expensive Wireless Chips via Subregion Clustering. Sensors 2018, 18, 205.
Li X, Yang Y, Cai J, Deng Y, Yang J, Zhou X, Tan L. Plils: A Practical Indoor Localization System through Less Expensive Wireless Chips via Subregion Clustering. Sensors. 2018; 18(1):205.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Xiaolong; Yang, Yifu; Cai, Jun; Deng, Yun; Yang, Junfeng; Zhou, Xinmin; Tan, Lina. 2018. "Plils: A Practical Indoor Localization System through Less Expensive Wireless Chips via Subregion Clustering." Sensors 18, no. 1: 205.
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