Electrochemical Genosensing of Circulating Biomarkers
AbstractManagement and prognosis of diseases requires the measurement in non- or minimally invasively collected samples of specific circulating biomarkers, consisting of any measurable or observable factors in patients that indicate normal or disease-related biological processes or responses to therapy. Therefore, on-site, fast and accurate determination of these low abundance circulating biomarkers in scarcely treated body fluids is of great interest for health monitoring and biological applications. In this field, electrochemical DNA sensors (or genosensors) have demonstrated to be interesting alternatives to more complex conventional strategies. Currently, electrochemical genosensors are considered very promising analytical tools for this purpose due to their fast response, low cost, high sensitivity, compatibility with microfabrication technology and simple operation mode which makes them compatible with point-of-care (POC) testing. In this review, the relevance and current challenges of the determination of circulating biomarkers related to relevant diseases (cancer, bacterial and viral infections and neurodegenerative diseases) are briefly discussed. An overview of the electrochemical nucleic acid–based strategies developed in the last five years for this purpose is given to show to both familiar and non-expert readers the great potential of these methodologies for circulating biomarker determination. After highlighting the main features of the reported electrochemical genosensing strategies through the critical discussion of selected examples, a conclusions section points out the still existing challenges and future directions in this field. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Campuzano, S.; Yáñez-Sedeño, P.; Pingarrón, J.M. Electrochemical Genosensing of Circulating Biomarkers. Sensors 2017, 17, 866.
Campuzano S, Yáñez-Sedeño P, Pingarrón JM. Electrochemical Genosensing of Circulating Biomarkers. Sensors. 2017; 17(4):866.Chicago/Turabian Style
Campuzano, Susana; Yáñez-Sedeño, Paloma; Pingarrón, José M. 2017. "Electrochemical Genosensing of Circulating Biomarkers." Sensors 17, no. 4: 866.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.