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Sensors 2017, 17(3), 460; doi:10.3390/s17030460

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Based Wireless Sensor Network for Marine-Coastal Environment Monitoring

Instituto de Investigación en Ingeniería de Aragón, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50018, Spain
Centro de Investigación Científica de Educación Superior de Ensenada Unidad de La Paz, La Paz 23050, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Felipe Gonzalez Toro and Antonios Tsourdos
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 12 February 2017 / Accepted: 20 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10071 KB, uploaded 24 February 2017]   |  


Marine environments are delicate ecosystems which directly influence local climates, flora, fauna, and human activities. Their monitorization plays a key role in their preservation, which is most commonly done through the use of environmental sensing buoy networks. These devices transmit data by means of satellite communications or close-range base stations, which present several limitations and elevated infrastructure costs. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are another alternative for remote environmental monitoring which provide new types of data and ease of use. These aircraft are mainly used in video capture related applications, in its various light spectrums, and do not provide the same data as sensing buoys, nor can they be used for such extended periods of time. The aim of this research is to provide a flexible, easy to deploy and cost-effective Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for monitoring marine environments. This proposal uses a UAV as a mobile data collector, low-power long-range communications and sensing buoys as part of a single WSN. A complete description of the design, development, and implementation of the various parts of this system is presented, as well as its validation in a real-world scenario. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; WSN; UAV; LPWAN; LoRa; marine monitoring; low power electronics remote sensing; WSN; UAV; LPWAN; LoRa; marine monitoring; low power electronics

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Trasviña-Moreno, C.A.; Blasco, R.; Marco, Á.; Casas, R.; Trasviña-Castro, A. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Based Wireless Sensor Network for Marine-Coastal Environment Monitoring. Sensors 2017, 17, 460.

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