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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2743; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17122743

Effect of Composition and Thickness on the Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy of (Co/Pd) Multilayers

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
2
Department of Physics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 22 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Sensors and Their Applications)
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Abstract

Magnetic materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) have wide-ranging applications in magnetic recording and sensing devices. Multilayers comprised of ferromagnetic and non-magnetic metals (FM–NM) are interesting materials, as their magnetic anisotropy depends strongly on composition and growth parameters. In this context, (Co/Pd) multilayers have gained huge interest recently due to their robustness and tunable PMA. Here, we report a systematic study of the effect of composition on the magnetic anisotropy of (Co/Pd) multilayers grown by Direct Current (DC) magnetron sputtering. Four different series of (Co/Pd)×10 multilayers with different thicknesses of Co and Pd were examined. Vibrating sample magnetometery was used to determine the magnetic anisotropy of these films. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy experiments were performed to understand the structural morphology of the films. Our results showed that (Co/Pd)×10 multilayers exhibit PMA when the Co to Pd ratio is less than or equal to 1 and the thickness of Co layers is not more than 5 Å. Maximum effective anisotropy energy is shown by the films with a Co to Pd ratio of 1/3. View Full-Text
Keywords: perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; sputtering; multilayers; magnetic tunnel junctions perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; sputtering; multilayers; magnetic tunnel junctions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tudu, B.; Tian, K.; Tiwari, A. Effect of Composition and Thickness on the Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy of (Co/Pd) Multilayers. Sensors 2017, 17, 2743.

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