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Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2651; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112651

A High-Performance Portable Transient Electro-Magnetic Sensor for Unexploded Ordnance Detection

1
College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2
Science and Technology on Near-Surface Detection Laboratory, Wuxi 214035, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 17 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Sensors and Their Applications)
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Abstract

Portable transient electromagnetic (TEM) systems can be well adapted to various terrains, including mountainous, woodland, and other complex terrains. They are widely used for the detection of unexploded ordnance (UXO). As the core component of the portable TEM system, the sensor is constructed with a transmitting coil and a receiving coil. Based on the primary field of the transmitting coil and internal noise of the receiving coil, the design and testing of such a sensor is described in detail. Results indicate that the primary field of the transmitting coil depends on the diameter, mass, and power of the coil. A higher mass–power product and a larger diameter causes a stronger primary field. Reducing the number of turns and increasing the clamp voltage reduces the switch-off time of the transmitting current effectively. Increasing the cross-section of the wire reduces the power consumption, but greatly increases the coil’s weight. The study of the receiving coil shows that the internal noise of the sensor is dominated by the thermal noise of the damping resistor. Reducing the bandwidth of the system and increasing the size of the coil reduces the internal noise effectively. The cross-sectional area and the distance between the sections of the coil have little effect on the internal noise. A less damped state can effectively reduce signal distortion. Finally, a portable TEM sensor with both a transmitting coil (constructed with a diameter, number of turns, and transmitting current of 0.5 m, 30, and 5 A, respectively) and a receiving coil (constructed with a length and resonant frequency of 5.6 cm and 50 kHz, respectively) was built. The agreement between experimental and calculated results confirms the theory used in the sensor design. The responses of an 82 mm mortar shell at different distances were measured and inverted by the differential evolution (DE) algorithm to verify system performance. Results show that the sensor designed in this study can not only detect the 82 mm mortar shell within 1.2 m effectively but also locate the target precisely. View Full-Text
Keywords: unexploded ordnance (UXO); portable system; transient electromagnetic sensor; sensor internal noise unexploded ordnance (UXO); portable system; transient electromagnetic sensor; sensor internal noise
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Wang, H.; Chen, S.; Zhang, S.; Yuan, Z.; Zhang, H.; Fang, D.; Zhu, J. A High-Performance Portable Transient Electro-Magnetic Sensor for Unexploded Ordnance Detection. Sensors 2017, 17, 2651.

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