Impedance-Based Living Cell Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis of Type I Allergy
AbstractNon-invasive real time evaluation of living cell conditions and functions are increasingly desired in the field of clinical diagnosis. For diagnosis of type I allergy, the identification of antigens that induces activation of mast cells and basophils is crucial to avoid symptoms of allergic diseases. However, conventional tests, such as detection of antigen-specific IgE antibody and skin tests, are either of low reliability or are invasive. To overcome such problems, we hereby applied an impedance sensor for label-free and real-time monitoring of mast cell reactions in response to stimuli. When IgE-sensitized RBL-2H3 cells cultured on the electrodes were stimulated with various concentrations of antigens, dose-dependent cell index (CI) increases were detected. Moreover, we confirmed that the impedance sensor detected morphological changes rather than degranulation as the indicator of cell activation. Furthermore, the CI of human IgE receptor-expressing cells (RBL-48 cells) treated with serum of a sweat allergy-positive patient, but not with serum from a sweat allergy-negative patient, significantly increased in response to purified human sweat antigen. We thus developed a technique to detect the activation of living cells in response to stimuli without any labeling using the impedance sensor. This system may represent a high reliable tool for the diagnosis of type I allergy. View Full-Text
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Irifuku, R.; Yanase, Y.; Kawaguchi, T.; Ishii, K.; Takahagi, S.; Hide, M. Impedance-Based Living Cell Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis of Type I Allergy. Sensors 2017, 17, 2503.
Irifuku R, Yanase Y, Kawaguchi T, Ishii K, Takahagi S, Hide M. Impedance-Based Living Cell Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis of Type I Allergy. Sensors. 2017; 17(11):2503.Chicago/Turabian Style
Irifuku, Reiko; Yanase, Yuhki; Kawaguchi, Tomoko; Ishii, Kaori; Takahagi, Shunsuke; Hide, Michihiro. 2017. "Impedance-Based Living Cell Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis of Type I Allergy." Sensors 17, no. 11: 2503.
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