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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2335; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102335

Modeling and Compensation of Random Drift of MEMS Gyroscopes Based on Least Squares Support Vector Machine Optimized by Chaotic Particle Swarm Optimization

Engineering Research Center for Navigation Technology, Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing100084, China
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Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 11 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MEMS Resonators)
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Abstract

MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) gyroscopes have been widely applied to various fields, but MEMS gyroscope random drift has nonlinear and non-stationary characteristics. It has attracted much attention to model and compensate the random drift because it can improve the precision of inertial devices. This paper has proposed to use wavelet filtering to reduce noise in the original data of MEMS gyroscopes, then reconstruct the random drift data with PSR (phase space reconstruction), and establish the model for the reconstructed data by LSSVM (least squares support vector machine), of which the parameters were optimized using CPSO (chaotic particle swarm optimization). Comparing the effect of modeling the MEMS gyroscope random drift with BP-ANN (back propagation artificial neural network) and the proposed method, the results showed that the latter had a better prediction accuracy. Using the compensation of three groups of MEMS gyroscope random drift data, the standard deviation of three groups of experimental data dropped from 0.00354°/s, 0.00412°/s, and 0.00328°/s to 0.00065°/s, 0.00072°/s and 0.00061°/s, respectively, which demonstrated that the proposed method can reduce the influence of MEMS gyroscope random drift and verified the effectiveness of this method for modeling MEMS gyroscope random drift. View Full-Text
Keywords: MEMS gyroscope random drift; phase space reconstruction; back propagation artificial neural network; least squares support vector machine; chaotic particle swarm optimization MEMS gyroscope random drift; phase space reconstruction; back propagation artificial neural network; least squares support vector machine; chaotic particle swarm optimization
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Xing, H.; Hou, B.; Lin, Z.; Guo, M. Modeling and Compensation of Random Drift of MEMS Gyroscopes Based on Least Squares Support Vector Machine Optimized by Chaotic Particle Swarm Optimization. Sensors 2017, 17, 2335.

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