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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 45; doi:10.3390/s17010045

DEP-On-Go for Simultaneous Sensing of Multiple Heavy Metals Pollutants in Environmental Samples

BioDevice Technology Ltd., 2-13 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1211, Japan
Biyani BioSolutions Pvt. Ltd., Biyani Research Group, R-4, Sector 3, Vidhyadhar Nagar, Jaipur 302023, India
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292, Japan
Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Meyya Meyyappan
Received: 27 November 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 December 2016 / Published: 27 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Point-of-Care Biosensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2131 KB, uploaded 27 December 2016]   |  


We describe a simple and affordable “Disposable electrode printed (DEP)-On-Go” sensing platform for the rapid on-site monitoring of trace heavy metal pollutants in environmental samples for early warning by developing a mobile electrochemical device composed of palm-sized potentiostat and disposable unmodified screen-printed electrode chips. We present the analytical performance of our device for the sensitive detection of major heavy metal ions, namely, mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic, zinc, and copper with detection limits of 1.5, 2.6, 4.0, 5.0, 14.4, and, 15.5 μg·L−1, respectively. Importantly, the utility of this device is extended to detect multiple heavy metals simultaneously with well-defined voltammograms and similar sensitivity. Finally, “DEP-On-Go” was successfully applied to detect heavy metals in real environmental samples from groundwater, tap water, house dust, soil, and industry-processed rice and noodle foods. We evaluated the efficiency of this system with a linear correlation through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and the results suggested that this system can be reliable for on-site screening purposes. On-field applications using real samples of groundwater for drinking in the northern parts of India support the easy-to-detect, low-cost (<1 USD), rapid (within 5 min), and reliable detection limit (ppb levels) performance of our device for the on-site detection and monitoring of multiple heavy metals in resource-limited settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metal ions; environmental analysis; electrochemical sensor; screen printed electrode palm-sized potentiostat heavy metal ions; environmental analysis; electrochemical sensor; screen printed electrode palm-sized potentiostat

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Biyani, M.; Biyani, R.; Tsuchihashi, T.; Takamura, Y.; Ushijima, H.; Tamiya, E.; Biyani, M. DEP-On-Go for Simultaneous Sensing of Multiple Heavy Metals Pollutants in Environmental Samples. Sensors 2017, 17, 45.

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