Onboard Robust Visual Tracking for UAVs Using a Reliable Global-Local Object Model
AbstractIn this paper, we present a novel onboard robust visual algorithm for long-term arbitrary 2D and 3D object tracking using a reliable global-local object model for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications, e.g., autonomous tracking and chasing a moving target. The first main approach in this novel algorithm is the use of a global matching and local tracking approach. In other words, the algorithm initially finds feature correspondences in a way that an improved binary descriptor is developed for global feature matching and an iterative Lucas–Kanade optical flow algorithm is employed for local feature tracking. The second main module is the use of an efficient local geometric filter (LGF), which handles outlier feature correspondences based on a new forward-backward pairwise dissimilarity measure, thereby maintaining pairwise geometric consistency. In the proposed LGF module, a hierarchical agglomerative clustering, i.e., bottom-up aggregation, is applied using an effective single-link method. The third proposed module is a heuristic local outlier factor (to the best of our knowledge, it is utilized for the first time to deal with outlier features in a visual tracking application), which further maximizes the representation of the target object in which we formulate outlier feature detection as a binary classification problem with the output features of the LGF module. Extensive UAV flight experiments show that the proposed visual tracker achieves real-time frame rates of more than thirty-five frames per second on an i7 processor with 640 × 512 image resolution and outperforms the most popular state-of-the-art trackers favorably in terms of robustness, efficiency and accuracy. View Full-Text
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Fu, C.; Duan, R.; Kircali, D.; Kayacan, E. Onboard Robust Visual Tracking for UAVs Using a Reliable Global-Local Object Model. Sensors 2016, 16, 1406.
Fu C, Duan R, Kircali D, Kayacan E. Onboard Robust Visual Tracking for UAVs Using a Reliable Global-Local Object Model. Sensors. 2016; 16(9):1406.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fu, Changhong; Duan, Ran; Kircali, Dogan; Kayacan, Erdal. 2016. "Onboard Robust Visual Tracking for UAVs Using a Reliable Global-Local Object Model." Sensors 16, no. 9: 1406.
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