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Sensors 2016, 16(8), 1258; doi:10.3390/s16081258

Biomechanical Characterization of Cardiomyocyte Using PDMS Pillar with Microgrooves

MEMS and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
Department of Biological Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huangxian Ju
Received: 16 June 2016 / Revised: 30 July 2016 / Accepted: 4 August 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanobiosensing for Sensors)
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This paper describes the surface-patterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) pillar arrays for enhancing cell alignment and contraction force in cardiomyocytes. The PDMS micropillar (μpillar) arrays with microgrooves (μgrooves) were fabricated using a unique micro-mold made using SU-8 double layer processes. The spring constant of the μpillar arrays was experimentally confirmed using atomic force microscopy (AFM). After culturing cardiac cells on the two different types of μpillar arrays, with and without grooves on the top of μpillar, the characteristics of the cardiomyocytes were analyzed using a custom-made image analysis system. The alignment of the cardiomyocytes on the μgrooves of the μpillars was clearly observed using a DAPI staining process. The mechanical force generated by the contraction force of the cardiomyocytes was derived from the displacement of the μpillar arrays. The contraction force of the cardiomyocytes aligned on the μgrooves was 20% higher than that of the μpillar arrays without μgrooves. The experimental results prove that applied geometrical stimulus is an effective method for aligning and improving the contraction force of cardiomyocytes. View Full-Text
Keywords: polydimethylsiloxane pillar; cardiomyocyte; microgrooves; contraction force; drug screening polydimethylsiloxane pillar; cardiomyocyte; microgrooves; contraction force; drug screening

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oyunbaatar, N.-E.; Lee, D.-H.; Patil, S.J.; Kim, E.-S.; Lee, D.-W. Biomechanical Characterization of Cardiomyocyte Using PDMS Pillar with Microgrooves. Sensors 2016, 16, 1258.

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