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Sensors 2016, 16(5), 718; doi:10.3390/s16050718

A Tactile Sensor Using Piezoresistive Beams for Detection of the Coefficient of Static Friction

1
Department of Mechano-Informatics, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe-shi, Saitama 350-8585, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Received: 26 April 2016 / Revised: 12 May 2016 / Accepted: 13 May 2016 / Published: 18 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

This paper reports on a tactile sensor using piezoresistive beams for detection of the coefficient of static friction merely by pressing the sensor against an object. The sensor chip is composed of three pairs of piezoresistive beams arranged in parallel and embedded in an elastomer; this sensor is able to measure the vertical and lateral strains of the elastomer. The coefficient of static friction is estimated from the ratio of the fractional resistance changes corresponding to the sensing elements of vertical and lateral strains when the sensor is in contact with an object surface. We applied a normal force on the sensor surface through objects with coefficients of static friction ranging from 0.2 to 1.1. The fractional resistance changes corresponding to vertical and lateral strains were proportional to the applied force. Furthermore, the relationship between these responses changed according to the coefficients of static friction. The experimental result indicated the proposed sensor could determine the coefficient of static friction before a global slip occurs. View Full-Text
Keywords: tactile sensor; piezoresistive; coefficient of static friction; robotics tactile sensor; piezoresistive; coefficient of static friction; robotics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Okatani, T.; Takahashi, H.; Noda, K.; Takahata, T.; Matsumoto, K.; Shimoyama, I. A Tactile Sensor Using Piezoresistive Beams for Detection of the Coefficient of Static Friction. Sensors 2016, 16, 718.

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